Learning about Spices
What is a spice?
Why were spices important?
Sources of spices
Perfumes and Incenses 
Use of spices as aphrodisiacs
Use of spices as medicines
Culinary herbs
A spice timeline

Table of Spices
Allspice (Pimento)
Anise
Black Pepper
Cardamom
Cassia
Chile Pepper
Chocolate
Cinnamon
Clove
Coriander (Cilantro)
Cumin
Dill
Fennel
Fenugreek
Frankincense and Myrrh
Galangal
Garlic
Ginger
Horseradish
Licorice
Mustard
Nutmeg and Mace
Onion
Saffron
Sugar
Sumac
Tamarind
Turmeric
Vanilla

Contacts and Acknowledgments

SUGAR VARIETIES

Botanical Sweeteners
Fruit sugar Sweet fruits contain 10-20% sugar
Honey Syrupy viscous fluid with vitamins and minerals
Sugar cane Sugar juice from cane; contains molasses
Beets (e.g. from Oxnard) Similar to cane sugar; beet molasses are inedible
Date sugar Various products from dates
Corn syrup Contains high percentage of fructose
Maple, palm and sorghum syrups From saps of these plants; form syrups or sugars
Malt sugar (maltose) From malts treated with diastase
Fructose From fruit sugar; very sweet
Dextrose Produced from cornstarch; less sweet
Lactose Milk sugar; less sweet
   
Sugar Derivatives
Cane sugar Any type of sugar from sugar cane
Sucanat Unrefined natural sugar
Molasses (blackstrap, etc.) Cane juice with sugar removed to give a thick, brown nutritious syrup
Brown sugars White sugar combined with sugar cane molasses
  • Muscovado, Barbados
  • Brown unrefined sugar with molasses removed
  • Demerara
  • Golden brown crystals with some molasses
  • Turbinado
  • Partially refined tan-brown sugar with some molasses
  • Panela, panocha, respadura
  • Unrefined, whole sugar products from Mexico
  • Jaggery
  • Unrefined, flavorful, from India; similar to panela
    Caramelized golden syrup Refined sugar, heated under pressure and burnt
    Candied Large crystals from sugar derivatives
    Caster, powdered, confectioner’s Crystals in very fine powder form
    Cubes, lumps, loafs, rock White granulated, refined; accreted with sugar liquor
    Granulated Granules of varying fineness, from sugar crystals
    Icing sugar Powdered sugar with cornstarch

    Back to Sugar

    Spice Exhibit URL: http://unitproj.library.ucla.edu/biomed/spice/index.cfm

    History & Special Collections
    UCLA Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library
    12-077 CHS, Box 951798
    UCLA
    Los Angeles, CA 90095-1798
    Tel: 310/825-6940
    Fax: 310/825-0465

    ©2002 Regents of the University of California